It was introduced by Democratic congressmen Al Green and Brad Sherman in the wake of news about Russia’s possible involvement with the president’s election campaign.
Sherman said the article was filed because the firing of FBI Director James Comey constitutes an ‘obstruction of justice’.
A statement on his website reads: ‘Recent disclosures by Donald Trump Jr. indicate that Trump’s campaign was eager to receive assistance from Russia. It now seems likely that the President had something to hide when he tried to curtail the investigation of National Security Advisor Michael Flynn and the wider Russian probe.
‘Every day Democrats, Republicans, and the entire world are shocked by the latest example of America’s amateur President. Ignorance accompanied by a refusal to learn. Lack of impulse control, accompanied by a refusal to have his staff control his impulses. We’re no longer surprised by any action, no matter how far below the dignity of the office — and no matter how dangerous to the country.
‘But the Constitution does not provide for the removal of a President for impulsive, ignorant incompetence. It does provide for the removal of a President for High Crimes and Misdemeanors.’
What is impeachment and how does it work?
Impeachment is referred to in the US constitution as: ‘The President, Vice President and all Civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.’
Put simply, if congress doesn’t like what the president is doing, it has the power to remove him from office.
But for them to do so, there has to be evidence of misconduct.
Someone in the US House of Representatives must then present a resolution calling for impeachment.
A committee will investigate the accusations of misconduct. Whether or not there are actual grounds for impeachment is voted on.
If all agree, the Senate will hold an impeachment trial. Two-thirds of the Senate must vote in favour of conviction for the president to be removed.
Impeachment doesn’t happen often, nor is it a quick resolve. Only two president have ever been impeached: Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton.